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Legal Protection for Child Labour in Myanmar
- 'Child Labour' is any work undertaken by a child under the legal minimum working age that may be harmful to his or her health and social development. Child labour is a main product of poverty and the other causes of child labour are included in natural calamities, man-made disasters (civil strife) and traditional social system, in allowing children to work. Children are generally docile, obedient, hired at cheaper rates than adults, and silent as far as their rights as workers are concerned. Besides, Children are labour intensive and require laborious work for long hours or during the rights. This fact is a significant element for preferred in labour market. There are four types of Child labour that the international community has declared to be 'worst forms'; slavery; sexual exploitation; illicit activities, and hazardous work. The exploitation on child labour is prohibited by international conventions and national legislation. In Myanmar, labour legislation was originated for child labour protection during the industrialization process. The total number of child population in Myanmar between the age of (5-17) is over 12-4 million, of which more than 0.4 million are working in dangerous-environments, according to Myanmar labour force survey, published by the Ministry of labour, Immigration and Population (MOLIP), 2018. The protection of Child labour plays an important role in the state. Therefore, according to the current situation of Myanmar, laws and the legal system need to be improved with the assistance from ILO and strength ended to protect the rights and welfare of child workers.
Win Thein Aung
- Yadanabon University Research Journal